Granjeno is a thorny evergreen shrub common to most of South Texas. Spiny hackberry is found in a variety of soils and habitat types. It is an excellent plant for wildlife, and a variety of mammals and birds consume the seeds. It also provides nesting and loafing habitat for a variety of birds. The leaves and new shoots are eaten by livestock in periods of drought when other forage is unavailable. The seeds of spiny hackberry should be cleaned from the fruit after collection if planting will be delayed. Care should be taken when drying cleaned seeds, as this species is especially susceptible to molding. Seeds that will be planted soon (1-3 days) after collection may be planted with the fruit (pulp) intact, with favorable germination. Scarification is also recommended for increasing germination of spiny hackberry. Germination as high as 62% has been obtained using a combination of mechanical scarification, gibberellic acid, and heat/chill treatments. The plant can also be propagated vegetatively from softwood cuttings.